ERIC Number: ED032605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Description and Evaluation of the Playroom 81 Project.
MacVicar, Joan A.
Playground 81 was a recreational program available to children in the Mission Hill Extension Housing Development in Roxbury, Massachusetts. It was operated by 10 mothers, both black and white, indigenous to the project. It was supported by funds allotted by the Office of Economic Opportunity to the Research and Development Center at Harvard University for a two-year period from September, 1965 to June, 1967 for the purpose of developing innovative schools which would challenge traditional education. Initially the Harvard team had planned to utilize teenagers who had dropped out of high school to run the program. However, it turned out that mothers took over the program, since the teenagers interest was short-lived. The Harvard Team wanted to leave decision making up to the community mothers in a democratic fashion; however, this became inimical and detrimental to the program, since chaos and lack of organization resulted. An evaluation of the program showed that participants and community people felt that there should be more organization and structure and a clearer delineation of roles if it were to be effective. Playroom 81 did increase the achievement expectations of group members and help them become more self-reliant. (Author/KJ)
Descriptors: Achievement, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Black Community, Community Education, Community Planning, Counselors, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Innovation, Indigenous Personnel, Innovation, Laboratory Schools, Preschool Children, Racial Relations, Recreational Programs, Urban Education
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Center for Research and Development in Educational Differences.