ERIC Number: ED032122
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: 0
Infant Mortality: A Challenge to the Nation.
Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.
From 1956-1960 an estimated 34,000 infants annually failed to survive in many parts of the United States due to risks far in excess of those for some areas of the country. There is a growing gap between death rates for white and nonwhite infants in the United States, with the excess mortality rate of nonwhite infants continuing to rise. Only 15 states lowered infant mortality rates from 1960-62 to 1964. Large cities had an infant mortality rate of 27.9 in 1964, compared to the national average of 24.8. This was a result of a decrease in the death rate for white infants offset by an increase in the nonwhite infant mortality rate. Most U.S. counties which showed excess infant mortality had cities of 50,000 or more. Urban areas had nearly three out of four excess neonatal deaths (under 28 days) in 1964. Twenty-two percent of the annual excess infant deaths occurred in the 21 largest cities, in areas with a low standard of living characterized by high maternal and infant death risks. Excess neonatal mortality in rural areas was concentrated in non-metropolitan counties. Excess white postneonatal deaths (1-11 months) were most frequent in rural and small urban areas, while excess postneonatal deaths of nonwhites was confined to urban areas. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.