ERIC Number: ED031824
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
The Vocational Preparation of the Educable Mentally Retarded.
Kokaska, Charles J.
A random sample of 400 urban public school systems having high school classes for the educable mentally retarded was surveyed to determine whether programs used a school-community work experience approach to the training and placement of mental retardates and whether these programs were keeping up with changing skill demands. A 22-item questionnaire was completed by 316 school systems. Secondary special class enrollments were approximately 66,373 and vocational placements approximately 11,368 during the 1965-66 school year; 225 systems began special class programs during 1957-66; of 308 systems, 68.5% awarded some form of high school diploma; and length of special class programs was evenly divided between 3 and 4 years. Findings indicated that work experience programs decreased with a decrease in size of urban population; 92.7% of these programs developed from 1957 to 1966; public agencies were important in the success of these programs; and the trend was toward an introduction, earlier than 10th grade, to work experience. Evidence suggested that retardates were successful in a variety of skilled and unskilled jobs and that training was taking place in newer areas of industry; service occupations were disproportionately emphasized. (MS)
Descriptors: Automation, Career Counseling, Employment Opportunities, Exceptional Child Research, Job Placement, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Research Reviews (Publications), School Community Programs, Urban Schools, Vocational Education, Vocational Followup, Work Experience Programs
Dr. Charles J. Kokaska, California State College, Long Beach, California 90801 ($3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Eastern Michigan Univ., Ypsilanti.