ERIC Number: ED031772
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Structure and Process of Social Influence During Adolescence: An Examination of the Salience Hierarchy. Final Report.
Larson, Lyle Eugene
This study deals with the relative influence of parents and peers during adolescence. The assumption that these are the central references in the life space of the adolescent is widely documented in the available research. The basic research question in this study is: Who has the most influence on youth and under what conditions is this influence regulated? The study focuses on the relationship of the adolescent with his reference sets. A total of 1,500 adolescents were sent questionnaires. On the basis of responses to 15 questionnaire items subjects were divided into three groups: (1) parent oriented, (2) best friend oriented, and (3) equally oriented to parents and best friends. Results indicate that the quality of the adolescent's relationship with his parents is an important predictor of the salience hierarchy during adolescence; the higher the quality of parent-adolescent effect, the higher the pro-parent orientations of youth. Grade level is also seen as an efficient predictor of reference set preferences. The findings also imply that adolescents do not reject parents but rather expand their influence horizons to a larger number and kind of referents. (Author/KJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Alberta Univ., Edmonton.