ERIC Number: ED031469
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Reference Count: 0
Studies of Verbal Behavior in Oral and in Written Language. Professional Paper 68-14.
Moscovici, Serge; Humbert, Claudine
The oral and written language of 10 students expressing themselves on the same subject was observed to determine (1) whether an "oral style" could be identified and (2) what relationship existed between cognitive processes and methods of expression. Six girls and four boys were placed in two situations: an "oral" situation in which the student discussed the cinema while an experimenter recorded the response, and a "written" situation in which students were asked to "Explain to a friend what you think of the cinema." The material received was analyzed for content, for processes of elaboration, and for linguistic expression in terms of total volume of expression, variety of vocabulary used, grammatical characteristics, and frequency of vocabulary items used. These analyses revealed (1) the repetitive and discontinuous character of the oral language with continual modification, in contrast to the articulation that is characteristic of written language, and (2) a correspondence between the structural properties of language and the cognitive processes called into play. However, the nature of these processes, dependent on the means of elaboration and transmission of messages, does not lend itself to specific description. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Inst. on School Learning and Individual Differences.
Note: Tr. Sara W. Whitten. Original appeared in "Psychologie Francaise," V(1960), 175-86.