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ERIC Number: ED031383
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Relationships Between Social Class and Phonemic and Nonphonemic Auditory Discrimination Ability.
Oakland, Thomas
The relationships between social class membership and performance on phonemic and nonphonemic auditory discrimination tests were examined. Three socioeconomic groups (upper-middle class (UM), upper-lower class (UL), and lower-lower (LL) class) of 20 subjects each were administered the Wepman Auditory Discrimination Test and nonphonemic auditory discrimination tests of intensity, frequency, and pattern. The socioeconomic status of all Caucasian students within six first-grade classes was determined by ratings on the Index of Status Characteristics. A table of random numbers was used to assign the subjects to each of the socioeconomic groups. On the Wepman test the UM group and the UL group performed significantly better than the LL group. On the nonphonemic auditory discrimination tests, the UM group performed significantly better than did the UL or the LL groups on seven of 12 measures. On no measure was a lower socioeconomic group significantly better than a higher socioeconomic group. Correlations between error scores on the Wepman test and error scores on the nonphonemic auditory discrimination tests seem to indicate that the phonemic and nonphonemic tests measure somewhat different abilities, and the use of combined results is recommended. Tables and references are included. (WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association conference, Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 5-8, 1969.