ERIC Number: ED031365
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
What Does Research Really Say About Study Skills?
Crewe, James; Hultgren, Dayton
A critical analysis of study method and review is presented. Findings indicate that the SQ3R study method is used in most how-to-study manuals, but the evidence showing the efficiency of this method is both sparse and unimpressive. Only two studies have examined SQ3R as a total method, and neither yielded positive results. One controlled study is noted in which SQ3R, reading, outlining, and underlining are compared. Underlining resulted in better short term and long term comprehension and took considerably less time than either outlining or SQ3R. In the area of review strategies, only seven studies have been conducted using textbook-type material, and most of these did not control the effects of time. All generally concluded that spaced practice was most effective. One study found that massed study was more effective when time was controlled and pointed out that study close to the time of examination was more productive than at any other time. The paper concludes that students are not presented with sufficient research data on which to base valid decisions about their study behavior and that a manual on study methods presenting the relevant data is needed. (RT)
1968 National Reading Conference Yearbook
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at National Reading Conference, Los Angeles, Dec. 5-7, 1968.