ERIC Number: ED031364
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Reference Count: 0
Indians of Maine.
Maine State Dept. of Health and Welfare, Augusta.
The relationships between the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy Indian Tribes and the State of Maine began in the 1820's. Treaties have left the Penobscot tribe with ownership of 146 islands in the Penobscot River while the Passamaquoddy tribe lives on land owned by the State. Both tribes presently have trust funds derived from the sale of land, and use the monies for the benefit of their tribes. The State is responsible for the basic education of the Indian children and provides 3 reservation schools through the fifth grade; from the sixth grade Indian children are sent to the nearest municipally operated grade school, and tuition is paid for students at any high school within the State. Exceptional students may have their college tuition paid by the State. The tribes also qualify for certain state and federal welfare programs. There is little governmental power vested in various elected tribal officials since the tribes do not possess any real type of municipal organization, but additional responsibilities have been delegated to them since 1963. The tribes are confronted with employment problems and receive continued State assistance to improve their conditions and opportunities. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maine State Dept. of Health and Welfare, Augusta.
Identifiers: Maine; Passamaquoddy (Tribe); Penobscot (Tribe)