ERIC Number: ED030892
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Social Class Differences in Anxiety of Elementary School Children.
Hawkes, Thomas H.; Koff, Robert H.
This paper presents normative data and a content item analysis of a general anxiety scale composed of items from the Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (CMAS) and the General Anxiety Scale for Children (GASC). This scale was developed to provide a cross cultural comparison measure of some characteristics of mental health and a comparison of similar research results. The scale was given to two groups of children, 249 fifth and sixth grade students in an inner-city school serving mostly lower class Negro students, and 211 fifth and sixth grade students in a large urban university laboratory school. Significant statistical differences were found by school (representing social class), sex, and grade. Because the social class difference was considered socially significant, findings were discussed in terms of differences in content of anxiety, and speculations were made about the practical implications of the normative basis for determining maladjustment. (Author/BP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Dept. of Education.; American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper was presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention, Los Angeles, California, February 5-8, 1969.