ERIC Number: ED030889
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Operant Conditioning of Within-Interview Verbal Behavior of Counselors-In-Training.
Lee, Gerald R.
This study was designed to answer two major questions: (1) whether or not operant conditioning procedures supplemented by treatments drawn from other areas of experimental psychology could produce changes in counselor interviewing behavior, and (2) how much change resulted from response specific reinforcement and how much from other factors. Three counselor-subjects were assigned to a contingent reinforcement treatment, and three to a noncontingent reinforcement treatment. An A-B-A "own control" design was employed with some modification. In the operant level phase, each counselor subject conducted a 45 minute interview without reinforcement or instructions. A two-part acquistion phase was used: (1) vicarious reinforcement in which the experimenter, sitting with the counselor subject, signalled to a counselor confederate when he emitted approved responses and later asked the subjects to emulate the confederate's behavior, and (2) three direct reinforcement interviews in which approved counselor subject behaviors were reinforced. Contingent, noncontingent, and vicarious reinforcement affected changes in total response frequency and in frequency rate of target cells when accompanied by attempts to maximize expectancy effects and experimenter effects. (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper was presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, California, August 30-September 3, 1968.