ERIC Number: ED030864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Cumulative Language Deficit Among Indian Children.
Mickelson, Norma I.; Galloway, Charles G.
The present language study, carried out by the University of Victoria and the Department of Indian Affairs during the summer of 1968, was based on the Deutsch "cumulative deficit hypothesis." (This theory has as one of its bases the idea that the lack of appropriate language stimulation in early home and school life makes success in school activities progressively more difficult with age.) A four-week pre-kindergarten, pre-school, and orientation enrichment program for Indian children living on four reserves in the southern region of Vancouver Island was taught by two faculty members from the University of Victoria, an American with experience in Head-Start programs, and six teen-aged Indian girls as teaching aides. The children enrolled demonstrated characteristics "common to the disadvantaged child and simultaneously to Canadian Indian children currently living on reserves." Attention was focussed on language development within the framework of a "total verbal-immersion" approach. A model of pre-school education based on Ellis' 1967 model was used. The data presented in this study "suggest that language deficiencies tend to remain in the verbal repertoire of the child." The data "also support the hypothesis that this phenomena can be corrected." (AMM)
Descriptors: American Indians, Child Development, Disadvantaged Youth, English (Second Language), Language Acquisition, Language Handicaps, Language Instruction, Preschool Curriculum, Preschool Education
Canadian Council for Research in Education, 265 Elgin St., Ottawa, 4, Canada (Single copy $0.15, two copies $0.25, ten or more $0.10 each. Payable in advance).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Seventh Canadian Conference on Educational Research; Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, January 1969.