ERIC Number: ED030581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-1
Reference Count: 0
Influencing The Youth Culture; A Study Of Youth Organizations In Israel. Final Report.
Eaton, Joseph W.; Chen, Michael
A case study was made of comprehensive efforts to get young people to identify with the core ideals of the parental generation through youth organizations in Israel, where over 90% of the adolescents report an active involvement in one or more of three nationwide programs: youth movements, sponsored by political parties and the Scouts; the "Gadna" youth corps, sponsored jointly by the schools and the Ministry of Defense--a sort of high school R.O.T.C. with premilitary as well as national service goals; and beyond-school programs providing group work, skill training, education, and recreational services in community centers and in school buildings after hours. Large samples of youths and youth leaders were interviewed. Among the variables studies were recruitment, programming, resignation, leadership, and attitudes toward national service. Special attention was given to efforts to reach the poor and immigrants. It was found that the overwhelming mood of Israeli youth is not alienation but identification with their country's past, its complex present, and its need for development. The organizations designed to reinforce these attitudes rely more on cooperation than on adult direction. Their peer-group oriented programs, emphasizing individual self-development and national service, provide adolescents with opportunities to acquire status. (Included are historical details and discussion of the implications for nation building and for youth culture management.) (Author/JS)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Attitudes, Developing Nations, Disadvantaged Youth, History, Immigrants, Individual Development, Leadership, National Organizations, National Surveys, Nationalism, Participation, Political Influences, Program Development, Recruitment, Social Influences, Social Status, Socialization, Values, Youth, Youth Leaders, Youth Opportunities, Youth Programs
Sage Publications, Inc., 275 South Beverly Drive, Beverly Hills, California 90212
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Henrietta Szold Inst., Jerusalem (Israel).
Identifiers: Gadna Youth Corps (Israel); Israel