ERIC Number: ED030569
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Relationships Between School Superintendents Personality Orientations, Perceived Situational Pressures, and Innovativeness.
Peterson, Irving Maurice
Investigated were the relationships among three characteristics of administrators (school superintendents' innovativeness, dogmatism, and perceptions of situational pressures). Superintendents with three or four of the new programs were ranked as higly innovative, and superintendents with less than three were ranked as low innovative. The superintendents were also asked to choose from each of 12 paired factors the factor which was most influential regarding the adoption of new secondary school curricular programs. The number of choices in each classification became the basis for scoring superintendents' perceived situational pressures as either high or low. A twenty item dogmatism scale was also administered. Results indicated: (1) a significant "positive" relationship between superintendents' innovativeness and perceived pressures to give primary consideration to the merits of innovations, a relationship which held only for low dogmatic superintendents; a "negative" relationship between superintendents' innovativeness and perceived internal pressures to give primary consideration to factors other than the merits of innovations; and (3) a "positive" relationship between dogmatism and innovativeness of school superintendents having low perceived pressures to give primary consideration to the merits of innovations. (RS)
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Change Agents, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Change, Educational Innovation, Educational Programs, Science Course Improvement Projects, Secondary School Science
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Order No. 69-1053, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $7.20).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ.
Identifiers: Biological Sciences Curriculum Study; Chemical Bond Approach; Chemical Education Materials Study; Physical Science Study Committee