ERIC Number: ED030304
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1949-Dec-15
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Learner Representation in Film-Mediated Perceptual-Motor Learning. Rapid Mass Learning. Technical Report.
Roshal, Sol M.
The major hypothesis of this study (based on the psychology of Clark Hull) was that the learning of a perceptual-motor act from films will be more effective as the film presentation approaches an exact representation of the learner himself performing the act to be learned. The problem was to discover the most effective way to represent the learner in such a film. In films used to teach 3500 Navy recruits the camera angle was either 180[ (as if facing someone performing the act) or 0[ ("over the shoulder" of the learner). Other variables tested included motion pictures versus static, sequential presentations, inclusion of the learner's hands versus their exclusion, and practice. It was found that the more realistic presentations--motion pictures from the learner's perspective--were more effective. Excluding the learner's hands was superior to including them in static presentations. Results from participating during the learning by practicing were not conclusive. (BB)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Communications, Audiovisual Instruction, Educational Media, Experimental Teaching, Film Production, Instructional Films, Instructional Improvement, Instructional Materials, Learning Theories, Mass Instruction, Military Training, Perceptual Motor Learning, Psychomotor Skills, Single Concept Films
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Port Washington, NY. Special Devices Center.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Education.