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ERIC Number: ED030089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Bilingual Education in BIA Schools.
Bauer, Evelyn
The author examines the "most promising" approach to educating American Indian students--bilingual education, which uses some combination of the student's mother tongue and English to transmit academic content and to foster the child's development in both languages. Interest in bilingual education, or at least in the inclusion of mother tongue in BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs) schools goes back to the late thirties. A simplified Navajo alphabet was developed; a pre-primer, primer, and first reader in English and Navajo were written and used in reservation schools. Other materials in Navajo--technical programs for adult education, a newspaper and dictionary--were followed by bilingual texts in Hopi and Sioux. English-Spanish texts were also prepared, in response to requests from Pueblo and Papago leaders. (It was assumed in using these texts that reading and writing would be taught first in the child's mother tongue, and written English taught only after control of oral English had been achieved.) The "Five-Year Program," begun in the mid-forties by the BIA; ongoing bilingual programs in Navajo and Hopi; as well as various proposed programs, including Alaskan, are discussed in this paper. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bureau of Indian Affairs
Note: Paper given at Third Annual TESOL Convention, Chicago, Illinois, March 5-8, 1969.