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ERIC Number: ED029759
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-23
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Human Behavior and the Acquisition of Competence in Critical Reading.
Woodruff, Asahel D.
The relationship between a person's behavior and the interaction with his immediate environment is discussed as a shaping process. The behavior that is shaped is always that which is directly and crucially involved in the choice he makes, the response he makes, and the way that response affects him in the given situation. The abstraction process involved in bringing subject matter to the classroom too often renders it in such sterile verbal form that it becomes meaningless to the learner who lacks a background of perceptual experience with the concepts. Two conditions often found in classrooms inhibit behavioral change. (1) Verbal communication without comprehension is substituted for perception and conceptual understandings. (2) The student is required to listen or read but is not enabled to make adjustive responses. Four conditions for behavioral change in the educational setting are discussed: (1) the quality and availability of the learning tasks, (2) activation of all phases of the learning cycle and levels of thought, (3) devices used to influence student behavior, and (4) verbal-conceptual ratios and balance. The beginning stages of a project in critical reading in which a task analysis was written for use with fifth graders' analyses of newspaper articles is reported. (CM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at International Reading Association Preconvention Institute, Boston, Mass., April 23, 1968