ERIC Number: ED029541
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
The Value of External Direction and Individual Discovery in Learning Situations: 1. The Learning of a Mathematical Principle. 2. The Learning of a Foreign Alphabet. Didakometry, Numbers 57 and 58.
The value of using inductive and deductive methods in instructing a mathematical principle and foreign language alphabet are tested with sample groups of sixth and eighth grade students in two separate educational experiments. In both cases, the instructional methods used were--(1) instruction in principle before application to examples, (2) examples followed by principle clarification and supplemented by further examples, and (3) examples only. Although students taught by the first method tended to learn the principles best, the participants in the third groups were superior in the areas of retention and transfer. The performance level of the second groups lay between those of the other two. For a related document see ED 022 392. (AF)
Descriptors: Alphabets, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Convergent Thinking, Deduction, Divergent Thinking, Experimental Groups, Experimental Teaching, Grade 6, Grade 8, Induction, Language Instruction, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Mathematical Concepts, Mathematics Instruction, Performance Criteria, Performance Factors, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Council for Social Science Research, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: School of Education, Malmo (Sweden). Dept. of Educational and Psychological Research.
Note: Reprinted from Scandinavian Journal of Psychology; v9 p241-251 1968