ERIC Number: ED029449
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: 0
National Speech and Hearing Survey. Interim Report.
Hull, Forrest M.
Preliminary to a survey of a national sample of 40,000 subjects intended to estimate prevalence of speech and hearing disorders in the United States public school population, a mobile unit collected data on a pilot sample of subjects in grades 1 through 12. Speech testing of 6,290 subjects indicated about 85% had articulation which did not deviate from the Adult General American standard while less than 1% deviated extremely. A total of 5% manifested some voice deviation; 0.3% were judged stutterers; and 0.3% deviated extremely in overall speech performance. Threshold hearing data on 6,157 subjects revealed that subject reliability was generally excellent, but increased with grade level. Males showed a higher degree of reliability than females. Superior hearing sensitivity was exhibited by 91.8% of the sample, with females performing better than males in all but grade 2. Only eight of the children deviating from the superior hearing criterion were found to have bilateral impairments (.001% of the sample). The remaining 499 children had unilateral impairments which were about equally divided between the two ears, predominant in males, and well distributed among the grades. Further analysis of the data and modifications in the programing were planned to verify trends, define speech disorder, and describe hearing patterns. (Author/JD)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Articulation Impairments, Articulation (Speech), Auditory Evaluation, Data Collection, Evaluation Methods, Exceptional Child Research, Hearing Impairments, Incidence, Pilot Projects, Research Methodology, Sex Differences, Speech Evaluation, Speech Handicaps, Stuttering, Voice Disorders
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins.