ERIC Number: ED029364
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Student Entry Skills and the Evaluation of Instructional Programs: A Case Study.
Skager, Rodney W.
To investigate the assertion that there is a tendency for teachers to emphasize skills already mastered by their students, data were collected on 488 seventh grade mathematics students in three junior high schools. Of these, 285 were assigned to experimental classes taking the curriculum under development and 203 were assigned to comparison classes providing the regular mathematics curriculum. The students were average in intelligence, but were at least 1 year behind in mathematics achievement. The main testing instrument was the Diagnostic Test with which the students were both pre- and posttested. Relevancy ratings were collected to check on the fairness or appropriateness of the test items. The results showed that (1) teachers selected instructional objectives that reflected skills already available to their students, and (2) experimental teachers tended to gear instruction to skills already achieved by students at entry into the program. Two implications are drawn: (1) With regard to instructional practice, teachers need to be informed about the entry skills of their students as related to the objectives of a course of instruction; and (2) data on entry skills could have been most useful to teachers developing the program had they been made available early in the research. (HW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Course Objectives, Curriculum Development, Diagnostic Tests, Evaluation Methods, Grade 7, Junior High School Students, Low Achievement, Mathematics, Pretesting, Program Evaluation, Skill Development, Teacher Effectiveness, Test Validity
Center for the Study of Evaluation of Instructional Programs, Univ. of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif. 90024 (no charge)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Amer. Educ. Res. Assn. (Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 5-8, 1969)