ERIC Number: ED029106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Technological Change in Michigan's Tool and Die Industry.
Smith, Donald N.
This study was conducted to answer four questions about the tool and die industry in Michigan. These were: (1) What are the current production techniques? (2) To what extent are these industrialists aware of new technologies? (3) What technical and economic factors affect technological change? and (4) To what extent will new technologies replace existing skills and manufacturing processes? Data were collected from 122 firms over a 3-year period by personal interview utilizing a 24-page questionnare. Descriptive chapters are: (1) Structure of the Tool and Die Industry, (2) Profile of the Industry in Michigan, (3) Skills, Equipment, and Productivity, (4) Factors Affecting Toolmaking Innovations, (5) Electrical Discharge Machining in Tool and Die Manufacture, (6) Features of Numerical Control, (7) Transition to Numerical Toolmaking, (8) Pace of Transition, (9) Challenges for the Industry, and (10) Impact on Labor. Numerical control and electrical discharge machining were found to be the most significant technological advancements. The author refrain from making quantified predictions of the effects, but rather present diverse points of view and general statements of the effects on labor, training, and unemployment. The appendixes contain 36 job descriptions, a discussion of the 1975 and 1980 output demand for this industrial segment, and statistical data relative to the Standard Industrial 3544 industrial segment. (EM)
Descriptors: Economic Climate, Economic Factors, Employment Patterns, Industrial Structure, Industry, Machine Tools, Numerical Control, Occupational Information, Productivity, Research Projects, Statistical Data, Technological Advancement, Tool and Die Makers
Industrial Development Division, Institute of Science and Technology, University of Michigan, 2200 North Campus Boulevard, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105 ($3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Industrial Development Div.