ERIC Number: ED028931
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Mathematical Abilities Possessed by Kindergarten Children From Disadvantaged Communities.
Searle, Robert Eli
The purposes of this study were (1) to determine the "amount" and "kind" of mathematical information possessed by children at the time of kindergarten entrance, and (2) to investigate relationships between mathematical information held by these children and residence (advantaged/disadvantaged), training (pre-school/no school), sex, and age. The sample of 296 children was tested during the third week of the kindergarten semester. A Metropolitan Readiness Test (Test 5, Numbers), school records, and a questionnaire were used to gather data. From these data and the tests of significance the following conclusions were drawn: (1) Children from advantaged communities possessed significantly superior amount and kind of mathematical information as compared to children who resided in disadvantaged areas, (2) slight differences in both amount and kind of mathematical information possessed by training groups favored children with pre-school training, (3) slight differences in both amount and kind of information possessed by four kindergarten-age groups favored children older than 62 months, and (4) class and school rankings were significantly related to residence. The community in which one resided, or the type of pre-school home environment provided children, appeared to be the single significant variable affecting the mathematical performance of children entering kindergarten. (RP)
Descriptors: Ability, Ability Identification, Disadvantaged, Elementary School Mathematics, Kindergarten, Mathematical Vocabulary, Mathematics, Student Characteristics
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 68-16576, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $7.20)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: Metropolitan Readiness Tests