ERIC Number: ED028837
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Public and Private Kindergarten and Non-Kindergarten Children in the Primary Grades.
Conway, C. B.; And Others
A short history of the establishment of kindergartens in British Columbia prefaces this study of 22,000 public school children in grades one, two, and three (who had or had not attended kindergarten) in School District 39 of Vancouver and District 61 of Victoria. The effect of kindergarten attendance was evaluated as it related to (1) report card ratings, (2) adaptation to school, (3) intelligence, (4) academic achievement in grade 2 (Victoria only), and (5) retardation and acceleration in grades one, two, and three. Somewhat less than half the pupils had attended kindergarten. A "blind study" was conducted, which obtained teacher ratings on individuals on a descending scale from outstanding to unsatisfactory on the five effects under investigation. Results revealed that (1) report card ratings (for work and health habits and behavior) were generally higher for children who attended private kindergartens; (2) school adaptation seemed to be related to kindergarten attendance; (3) IQ's were highest for those who had attended private kindergartens, and nonkindergartners ranked lowest; (4) kindergarten attendance was related to higher achievement scores in reading comprehension, word meaning, spelling, and arithmetic for grade two; and (5) very little acceleration was found, but that in evidence was related to private kindergarten attendance. (DO)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Research, Elementary School Students, Intelligence, Intelligence Quotient, Kindergarten, Primary Education, Private Schools, Report Cards, Student Adjustment, Student Promotion
The Educational Research Inst. of B.C., Board of Trade Tower, 1177 West Hastings Street, Vancouver 1, British Columbia
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Research Inst. of British Columbia, Vancouver.
Identifiers: British Columbia