ERIC Number: ED028750
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr-24
Reference Count: 0
Influence of Dogmatism and Authoritarianism Upon Nursing Success. Final Report.
Janssen, Calvin W.
The Dogmatism Scale (D) and Traditional Family Ideology Scale (TFI) were administered to nursing students at Texas Women's University to determine the effect of dogmatism and authoritarianism upon nursing success. The D scale measures individual differences in openness, closedness, and intolerance, and the TFI assesses an individual's position on a democratic-autocratic continuum. The tests were taken by 133 freshmen 3 times in 18 months, and once by 104 senior and 199 graduates. Results indicate that the entering freshman nursing student is somewhat dogmatic and authoritative, but after the 4-year program, these 2 traits lessen considerably. This would support the principle that college students should and do become more democratic and open-minded as they progress through the higher education program. The graduate nurse does not become more dogmatic, but usually more authoritative, possibly because she assumes an immediate position of leadership as a nurse. In 4 years, a student either becomes more authoritative and dogmatic, or less authoritative and dogmatic. Those students viewed as potentially successful nurses by their superiors were less dogmatic and less authoritative. It is felt that the TFI and D instruments could help to select potentially successful nursing students. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Texas Woman's Univ., Denton.