ERIC Number: ED028561
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
A Manual for Parents and Teachers of Severely and Moderately Retarded Children. IMRID Papers and Reports, Volume V, Number 22.
Larsen, Lawrence A.; Bricker, William A.
Designed for both parents and teachers, the handbook presents methods for educating the moderately and severely retarded child. Those methods include measuring progress, rewarding and punishing, ways of using rewards and punishers, ways of giving positive reinforcers and punishers, withholding reinforcers (extinction), letting the child reward himself, spacing giving reinforcers, shaping behavior in small steps, using signals, and building control. Twenty-three activities are next presented, each with a task definition, pretest, and suggested education program. These activities include sitting quietly; building puzzles; coloring; playing with toys, balls, and wagons; toilet training; eating correctly; putting on a pullover shirt, pants, and socks; buttoning buttons; tying shoe laces; brushing teeth; washing; imitating movements, mouth movements, sounds, and words; understanding words and the names of colors; naming objects, actions, and colors; and talking in sentences. Appendixes include materials needed for the activities, suggested reinforcers, sample forms for pre- and posttest, glossary, and applications to blind and deaf children. (LE)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Rating Scales, Exceptional Child Education, Hearing Impairments, Instructional Materials, Learning, Mental Retardation, Moderate Mental Retardation, Negative Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Positive Reinforcement, Pretesting, Pretests Posttests, Reinforcement, Rewards, Self Care Skills, Self Reward, Severe Mental Retardation, Task Analysis, Teaching Methods, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Visual Impairments
IMRID, Box 163, George Peabody College, Nashville, Tennessee 37203 ($0.50).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Inst. on Mental Retardation and Intellectual Development.