ERIC Number: ED028435
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb-1
Reference Count: 0
The Recall of Verbal Material Accompanying Semantically Well-Integrated and Semantically Poorly-Integrated Sentences.
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the recall of verbal material (critical material) accompanying semantically well integrated (SWI) sentences will be superior to the recall of verbal material accompanying semantically poorly integrated (SPI) sentences. This hypothesis was based upon the conclusion derived from previous research that SWI sentences were stored more efficiently than SPI sentences. With the assistance of norms of sequential associative dependencies in active declarative sentences, complex sentences were constructed which contained two underlying sentences: a matrix sentence and an embedded sentence. Under the SWI condition, one of the underlying sentences was an SWI string, while under the SPI condition one was an SPI string. The critical material (identical for both levels of semantic integration) was contained in the second underlying sentence. The location of the critical material (the matrix or the underlying sentence) was varied. A standard study-test (written recall) procedure was used in a 2 x 2 factorial design with five trials and lists consisting of ten sentences each. The results indicated superior recall for both the SWI and the critical material, and were interpreted in terms of a storage hypothesis. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Note: Report included in Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report No. VIII.