ERIC Number: ED028395
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Challenging and Supportive Instructions on Verbal Learning in Aged Persons.
Sixty young men between 18 and 26 years of age and 60 within the 65-75 year age range, matched for verbal ability and socioeconomic status, were given two paired associate learning tasks differing in level of difficulty under neutral, supportive, and challenging instructions. Older persons revealed a greater performance decrement on the more difficult talks than did the younger group; they did least well on the acquisition phase of learning under challenging instructions and best under the supportive treatment. No differential effects of instructions on relearning was found. The difference between young and old in number of trials needed to master the material under the supportive condition was significantly smaller than under the challenging one. The effects of feelings of inadequacy aroused by the ego-involving instructions on the difficult task were discussed in relation to their interference with the performance of the older persons. (se)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Difficulty Level, Doctoral Dissertations, Motivation Techniques, Older Adults, Paired Associate Learning, Research, Retention (Psychology), Socioeconomic Status, Teaching Styles, Time Factors (Learning), Verbal Ability, Verbal Learning, Young Adults
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 67-14,087, MF $3.00, Xerography $3.00).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY.
Note: Ph. D. Thesis.