ERIC Number: ED028094
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of the Effects of Instructional Methods Upon Selected Outcomes of Instruction in an Interdisciplinary Science Unit.
Thomas, Barbara Schalk
Studied was the effect of instructional method on educational outcomes in an interdisciplinary science uni t taught to 143 eighth grade students of earth science. Compared were the didactic and guided discovery methods of teaching. Also analyzed were the interactions of methods with student characteristics including sex, intelligence, creativity, science interest, and general scholastic achievement. For the factual-conceptual achievement of content, the didactic method was superior for all levels of pupil variables. For the acquisition of inquiry skills, critical thinking, and problem solving, guided discovery provided greater gains for high and low ability groups, but neither method showed significant gains over the other for middle ability groups. Also the high ability groups gained a significantly greater understanding of the scientific enterprise when instructed by guided discovery. (GR)
Descriptors: Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Critical Thinking, Deduction, Doctoral Dissertations, Earth Science, General Science, Grade 8, Induction, Instruction, Problem Solving, Scientific Enterprise, Secondary School Science, Student Characteristics
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 68-16865, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $8.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa Univ., Iowa City.
Identifiers: TAB Inventory of Science Processes; Test on Understanding Science