ERIC Number: ED028068
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
The Social Psychology of Premature Occupational Choice: An Investigation of Student Careers in an Undergraduate Engineering School.
Kanter, Stuart Alan
The problem of commitment to the role of being an engineering student was studied. Personality factors affecting the congruence of the engineering student and his role, and the interpersonal influences modifying this relationship were considered. A class of 587 entering freshman engineers was studied for a period of three semesters. A hypothetical personality construc t describing traits antagonistic to the role demands was defined. Termed "heightening of affectivity," its elements include a diminished need for cognitive structure, increased self-awareness, a desire for interpersonal involvement, and a broad and humanistic set of interests. The four major hypotheses were (1) the greater the heightening of affectivity, the weaker will be the student's commitment to the role, (2) the greater the degree to which a student's interpersonal environment consists of engineers rather than samplings of the university culture, the greater will be his role commitment, (3) the greater his perception that the role affords broad rather than narrow opportunities for self-expression, the greater will be his role commitment, and (4) the greater the development of a professional identity as an engineer, the greater his commitment. Data were gathered from questionnaires and pre-and post-testing with the Omnibus Personality Inventory. Findings tended to confirm all four hypotheses. (BC)
Descriptors: Career Choice, College Science, Doctoral Dissertations, Engineering, Personality Studies, Student Characteristics, Undergraduate Study
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 68-13339, Microfilm $5.20, Xerography $18.45)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.
Identifiers: Omnibus Personality Inventory