ERIC Number: ED028042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Reinforcement Schedules in Pacing Reading Rate. Final Report.
Schutz, Richard E.; And Others
Responses of individual fourth-grade children were monitored in daily 30-minute sessions for 10 consecutive school days. Individual subjects were used as their own controls. The child sat before a small table with a surface-mounted button and a wall-mounted screen upon which visual stimuli were rear-view projected, using a filmstrip projector with the frame advance controlled by the button press. A doorbell chime was used as an auditory reinforcement-contingency indicator. Discourse from a third-grade series of science books was photographed line by line, with each line constituting a 35mm filmstrip frame. Data for baseline performance with no reinforcement contingency, fixed-interval schedule performance, variable -interval schedule performance, and variable-ratio performance are reported. The effects of given schedules are observable on an intrasession and intersession basis via inspection of cumulative response records. The fixed-interval schedule resulted in highly stable reading rates; the other schedules resulted in steadily accelerating rates. The introduction of reading comprehension test contingencies reduced behavior extraneous to reading and resulted in improved comprehension performance. Other conclusions are suggested as a starting place for further investigation. The reading comprehension tests and references are appended. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe.