ERIC Number: ED027974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
Early Childhood Project, New York City; One of a Series of Successful Compensatory Education Programs. It Works: Preschool Program in Compensatory Education.
American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.
This preschool program concentrated on language development, self-concept, perception, and concept formation. Also, a vertically organized program of reading, math, science, and creative dramatics, along with parent activity, inservice training, and dissemination, covered prekindergarten through the third grade. Individual and small group work allowed children to proceed at their own rate. The subjects, mostly Negroes from nonintact lower class families, originally varied in number from 120 to 200 (including controls) in each of six groups (waves) studies. Pretests were administered before prekindergarten. Two posttests were given, one after prekindergarten and the other after kindergarten. Evaluation was hampered by a loss of subjects, by an arrangement in which only subsamples were tested, and by the use of various tests. The results on the Columbia Mental Maturity Scale showed that for the subsamples drawn from the first experimental wave and the basic control group, the difference in the means were not statistically significant on pretests, yet they were significant on the first posttest but not on the second posttest. For subsamples drawn from waves two through four, results on the Stanford-Binet showed that the experimental groups performed significantly better on both posttests but not on pretests. (JS)
Descriptors: Blacks, Compensatory Education, Concept Formation, Educational Games, Kindergarten, Language Acquisition, Longitudinal Studies, Perceptual Development, Preschool Education, Program Descriptions, Program Evaluation, Self Concept
Sup. of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($0.35)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Division of Compensatory Education, BESE.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.
Identifiers: Columbia Mental Maturity Scale; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale