ERIC Number: ED027937
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-May
Reference Count: 0
The Elementary Mathematics Study: An Interim Report on Kindergarten Year Results.
Leiderman, Gloria F.; Rosenthal-Hill, Irene
The School Mathematics Study Group of Stanford University is conducting a 4-year longitudinal study of mathematical learning in the primary grades. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of this study for the kindergarten year. Approximately 2,000 kindergarten children from two large cities were divided into lower and middle income groups. One group from each income level used the School Mathematics Study Group curriculum, and one group from each used the Science Research Associates Program. A battery of tests (K01) was administered to the children in September to evaluate their ability upon entering kindergarten, and a second battery (K02) was administered in May to measure gain. The tests measured cognitive processes and mathematical achievement. The lower socioeconomic group performed consistently less well than the middle income group on all K01 tests except the test of visual memory. This same pattern persisted in K02 tests, even though the entire sample showed significant mean score increases from K01 to K02. Differential gains were found, however, between the two income groups, the lower group showing a greater gain on five tests, the middle group showing a greater gain on three tests, and no difference existing on five tests. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.