ERIC Number: ED027870
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Ratings of Reasons for Attending College as Given by Freshmen Junior College Overachievers, Predicted Achievers, and Underachievers.
Stewart, Marie Thayer
In Fall 1963, to find which reasons for attending college are related to over- and underachievement, entering freshmen at Casper College were given a Card Sort of Reasons. It listed 36 statements, to be rated on a 1-8 scale of importance. Overachievers, predicted achievers, and underachievers were determined by a multiple regression equation (expected college grade based on high school GPA and SCAT total score). Of 218 respondents, 30 were underachievers; 43, as predicted; 31, underachievers. For each reason, the t-test was applied to mean ratings between groups and between sexes within each group. Six reasons ranked highest: to train for a career, to earn more money, to have a degree, to broaden one's outlook, to serve others, to satisfy intellectual curiosity. The null hypothesis was rejected (p .05) for statements: to become a good citizen, to explore and select a vocation, having enough money to attend, to follow family custom. Women gave higher rank than men in the overachievers to intellectual curiosity and proximity of the college; in achievers and underachievers, to serving others; in underachievers, to personality improvement, good citizenship, and social poise. Men gave higher rank than women in achievers and underachievers to earning money; in overachievers, to parental insistence; in achievers, to the wish for a degree. Vocational and economic goals were ranked most important, followed closely by broad understanding, service to others, and intellectual satisfaction. (HH)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Doctoral Dissertations, Motivation, Overachievement, Student Motivation, Two Year Colleges, Underachievement
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 65-262, MF $2.75, Xerography $6.40).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Colorado State Coll., Greeley.