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ERIC Number: ED027837
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
American College Student Values: Their Relationship to Selected Philosophical and Sociological Variables.
Thayer, Jerome
In order to examine the relationship between the values of college students and related nonacademic variables, 4005 students were asked to express political, religious, and philosophic preferences and state their socioeconomic background. There were 5 available choices for each variable. These variables were then measured against the same students' answers to a 20-item questionnaire ranging from "purpose of science" to "man's responsibility." Data is presented on the significant differences within each variable for each polyphasic values inventory item and the significant differences from the norm group toward liberalism or conservatism for each of the groups (political, religious, philosophic or socioeconomic) on each polyphasic values inventory item. It was found that Republicans, Protestants and realists were the most conservative of all groups and on most items the conservative groups did not deviate from the norm nearly as much as groups which were more liberal than the norm. These groups were quite large in contrast to the liberal groups which were quite small. Three groups were very liberal compared to the norm: Socialists, existentialists and those with no religious preference. But an examination of the interrelationships among these 3 groups indicated that, for the most part, 1 group is not heavily composed of students from either of the other 2. Pragmatists, idealists and those in the "none of these" philosophic group showed no definite conservative or liberal pattern and were only significantly different from the norm on a few items. The 5 socioeconomic groups differed little from the norm. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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