ERIC Number: ED027675
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Phoneme Communication of the Deaf; Theory and Elementary Visio-Oral Verbal Education by Means of Individualized Visiophonemes.
Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, B v151 n2 1968
Theoretical considerations of phoneme construction were explored and a study was made of phoneme efficiency for deaf communication in Finland which utilized 128 deaf pupils (77 boys and 51 girls from grades 3 to 8 and from ages 8 to 15). The main factors of defective production were found in visual reception. It was concluded that, on the average, vowels had a pre- and post-factum influence upon consonants; when the lip opening became smaller, the intelligibility of consonants decreased. Tests gave the average possibility of a deaf person receiving or producing an ordinary Finnish word correctly with the country's present oral training at about 10 to 25% when only intraphoneme cues were used. Following an analysis of the present methods of speech education for the deaf, two improvements were suggested, accompanied by supporting experiments: an analytic method for training of phoneme communication; and individualization and standardization of visiophonemes in order to make visiospeech completely perceptible. With 15 hours training, children improved 74% in phonemes and 350% in sentence recognition. Implications for the future for education of the deaf born and use of visiophonemes in other than hearing problems are also explored. (JB)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Audiolingual Skills, Auditory Training, Consonants, Deafness, Distinctive Features (Language), Exceptional Child Research, Hearing Impairments, Lipreading, Phonemes, Pronunciation, Speech Education, Speech Evaluation, Speech Handicaps, Speech Improvement, Teaching Methods, Vowels
Akateeminen Kirjakauppa, Helsinki, Finland.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cultural Fund of Finland, Hame Section.; Finnish Government, Helsinki.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented for publication in the Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae at the meeting of the Finnish Academy of Science (December 9, 1967).