ERIC Number: ED027658
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Special Class Placement on the Self-Concept-of-Ability of the Educable Mentally Retarded Child.
Schurr, Kenton T.; Brookover, Wilbur B.
To investigate change in the general self concept of ability of educable mentally retarded special class students, four equally spaced interviews were conducted with 51 students (mean age 11.63) over a 2-year period. Pupils answered questions about their academic ability from the General Self-Concept of Ability Scale; scores showed an ascending linear trend over the last 1 1/2 years of their placement in a special class while those reassigned to the regular classes all declined in self concept of ability. Special class students did not significantly increase in their awareness that according to others' definitions they were failures. The students had a more negative orientation to the special class during their second year (p .05), but there was no significant change in academic aspirations. Special class placement was found to have a positive effect on the children's self concept of ability which was based on self comparison with class peers. Students may have internalized the negative attitudes of others about the special class and not about their ability. (LE)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Aspiration, Evaluation Methods, Exceptional Child Research, Interviews, Mainstreaming, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Peer Acceptance, Rating Scales, Research Reviews (Publications), Self Concept, Self Esteem, Self Evaluation, Special Classes, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Div. of Handicapped Children and Youth.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: Self Concept of Ability Scale (Brookover)