ERIC Number: ED027594
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Development of Scalable Test Items to Measure Thinking Levels of Secondary School Students. Final Report.
Smith, Richard B.
A workable theory of instruction appears to depend upon the development of measurement instruments, which operationally define concepts such as transfer, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation, to make possible empirical investigation of the relationships of methods of instruction and learner variables to the attainment of different types of educational objectives. This project developed 31-item sets in the physical sciences, and administered them to secondary school students. The sets of items followed generally the levels of understanding postulated in Bloom's Taxonomy of Education Objectives. The reproducibility coefficients were determined for each item set (.75 to .95). It was generally found that the difficulty of the "comprehension,""extrapolation," and "application" items was highly related to the nature of the principle involved. At the lower levels, item sets were typically very easy, while "analysis" items were often too difficult for the majority of students. Item sets as constructed appear to be useful as research tools, but not for evaluation of instruction as it exists today. It is probably possible to construct other cumulative and hierarchical taxonomies of educational objectives in which the items increase in difficulty with each level and are highly reproducible and scalable. Sample item sets are appended. (Author/CJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Miami Univ., Coral Gables, FL.