ERIC Number: ED027549
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Uses of Computers in Education.
Scientific American, v215 n3 p206-20 Sep 1966.
Computer assisted instruction is described and discussed. Such instruction can be individualized to meet the needs of a variety of students and to provide data on how a particular subject is learned. Many organizations and groups are investigating computer assisted instruction, but only the work done at Stanford, at the elementary level, is described. The terminals used are described. They contain a device (i.e. cathode ray tube) for providing visual displays generated by the computer, a typewriter keyboard to respond to the computer, a light pen (for responding directly by touching the screen), and a sound device, such as earphones, for spoken messages. Three levels of computer-student interaction have been investigated to date: (1) "drill and practice" systems which are designed to supplement a regular teacher taught curriculum; (2) "tutorial" systems which take over the main instruction responsibility from the teacher; and (3) "dialogue" systems which provide the opportunity for discussion between learner and computer. The first two levels have been, and continue to be, utilized and investigated. Level three exists only as an early prototype. Computer reliability as it relates to computerized instruction is discussed, as are the problems of curriculum organization, unanticipated responses, and effective use of information about learners. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Scientific American, Inc., New York, NY.