ERIC Number: ED027548
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
The Functional Significance of Future Goals.
Raynor, Joel O.
Antecedent and current theories of achievement motivation are stated, and a broader theory of achievement motivation presented, which attends to the effects of anticipated future achievement goals on present achievement oriented behavior. This broader theory suggests that an individual's characteristic achievement motivation is accentuated when present performance is perceived as instrumental in attaining future achievement goals. Research evidence is given in support of this proposition. A mathematical model of the proposed theory is presented, giving the total resultant tendency to achieve as a multiplicative function of motive, expectancy, and incentive, perceived as a subjective, compound probability. Extrinsic motivation may also be increased when the activity has future implications. The individual's cognitive structure becomes important in predicting differential effects of achievement motivation. (BP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, California, August 30 through September 3, 1968.