ERIC Number: ED027526
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Speed of Understanding Sentences as a Function of Sentence Structure. Final Report.
Halamandaris, Pandelis G.
On the basis of the grammatical theory developed by Noam Chomsky, it is reasonable to presume that the different parts of a sentence may not all be understood with equal facility and speed. One purpose of this study was to determine whether some of the grammatical relations within a sentence were understood more readily than others. Sentences of varying grammatical form were presented to 26 subjects who were asked to verify them one at a time by comparing the content of each sentence with the content of a picture that was shown contiguously following the sentence. Speed of verification was taken as an index of understanding. The four independent variables (true-false, affirmative-negative, active-passive, subject-verb-object) were combined in a 2 X 2 X 2 X 3 X 26 (subjects) factorial design. The results showed that the subject-verb and verb-object relationship was not significant at the .05 level of significance. Two-way interactions were found to be significant, namely subject-verb-object X affirmative-negative and subject-verb-object X active-passive. The subject-verb-object variable was found to be significant in part; specifically, in the case of affirmative and passive sentences, but not in the case of negative and active sentences. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ. Foundation, Bloomington.