ERIC Number: ED027183
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Factors Conditioning College Mathematics, 1890-1945.
Whittington, Russell, Jr.
This study attempted to determine (1) the nature of the influences conditioning college mathematics, (2) the impact of these influences, and (3) the changes which seem to have resulted during three chronological periods from 1890 to 1945. For each period of the study certain basic questions were investigated (1) learning theory in the teaching of mathematics, (2) the college entrance requirements, (3) the aims of instruction, (4) the effect of conservative factors, (5) the effect of war, (6) the nature of the instruction in mathematics, (7) the arrangement of topics, and (8) the revision of content. Among the major conclusions of the study are the following: (1) there was a decline in mental discipline as an aim of instruction accompanied by an increased emphasis on cultural and utilitarian aims, (2) new developments in experimental psychology were reflected in attempts to improve instruction and in the selection and arrangement of content, (3) conservative forces inhibiting change were formed from the interaction of tradition, faith in mental discipline, and inertia, (4) increased emphasis on research led to specialization and growth of mathematical knowledge, and (5) efforts were made to alter the content of the courses by including more applications, making the content more rigouous, and omitting obsolete material. (RP)
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Learning, Mathematics, Mathematics Education, Objectives, Teaching
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 68-6779, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $10.35).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.