ERIC Number: ED026971
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Applications of the Science of Measurement to Higher Education.
Davis, Junius A.
Part I of the report provides a historical development of admissions procedures in US colleges and universities from the seventeenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century. During this period student selection practices differed at each institution but were generally based on prescribed standards of academic readiness. The need for consistency in requirements led to establishment of the College Entrance Examination Board, which administered standardized testing across institutions to evaluate student performance (scholastic achievement) and predict grades in college (scholastic aptitude). The Educational Testing Service later became the Board's testing agent to build, administer and score examinations, report test results and conduct necessary research. Part II covers the second half of the twentieth century in which measurement emerged as a science, supplementing measures of academic aptitude and high school performance with measures of other variables such as interests, motivation, leadership, and other individual student differences. Research organizations or teams in university-based centers currently utilize measurement science to study problems such as student input factors, influential forces within college environments and their impact on students. These efforts could expand to include studies on the interaction between students and their learning environments, teaching procedures for heterogeneous student bodies, and the improvement of criteria by which students are evaluated. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Duke Univ., Durham, NC.