ERIC Number: ED026721
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Evaluation of Equality of Educational Opportunity.
Coleman, James S.
An author of the 1966 USOE report titled "Equality of Educational Opportunity" discusses some of the criticisms leveled against the study. The most serious charge is that the study attempted to do too much. By analyzing resource inputs and levels of achievement and by trying to analyze the effects of various inputs on achievement, the study failed to do well the minimum requirement--a careful study of inputs that would provide an adequate measure of educational equality. On the other hand, the author argues that the major virtue of the study is that it did not accept the definition of educational equality based on input levels; therefore, its major impact has been to shift policy attention from the traditional focus on comparison of inputs to a focus on output and on the effectiveness of inputs for bringing about changes in putput. The seemingly simple and measurable concept of inputs is further called into question by pointing out the difference between inputs as disbursed and inputs as received by the child. Other criticisms of basic design and specific criticisms of statistical methodology are discussed and met. Although the report is admitted to contain imperfections, it is defended as a major step in the development of policy-related social research. (TT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.
Identifiers: Civil Rights Act 1964; Equality of Educational Opportunity