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ERIC Number: ED026627
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec-29
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Sociolinguistic Consideration of the Black English of Children in Northern Florida.
Houston, Susan H.
On the basis of a study of the language of 22 black children in a rural county of northern Florida, the author states that apart from geographical dialects, there are two "genera" of English: Black (BE) and White (WE). Within each of these genera there are two varieties: Educated and Uneducated. These are further defined by distinguishing features into "registers" which the author characterizes as "School" and "Nonschool", each of which may include more than one style. Most studies which have characterized Child BE as deficient have dealt only with the school registers. The nonschool register is characterized by longer utterances, more rapid speech, lower pitch, less stress, inventive and playful use of words, and greater variety of content. Lack of suitable instructional material adapted to the phonology of Child BE speakers has hampered teaching of reading. The author finds "that Black and White English differ principally in phonology. The base component of Child BE should not differ appreciably from that of Child WE." A probable phoneme inventory and a set of ordered rules are given with examples showing some possible relationships between Child BE and standard urban WE. (MK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Florida
Note: Paper delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, New York City, December 29, 1968.