ERIC Number: ED026622
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jun
Reference Count: 0
A Quantitative Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Oral and Written Vocabularies.
Gruner, Charles R.; And Others
Journal of Communication, v17 n2 June 1967
The authors studied the vocabulary of speech and writing of 45 college students to develop a list of the 25 most frequent words and to compare this list with similar lists by earlier investigators. They used a type-token ratio to aid determination of the similarities and differences between spoken and written vocabularies. Nineteen of the 25 words appear on both the written and oral lists. "People" was the only noun on either of the two lists. A table shows vocabulary frequency for both oral and written language. There was significantly greater repetition and less diversity in the oral samples. A second table compares the authors' list with word lists developed by John Black and Marian Ausherman in 1955, Ernest Fossum in 1944, and Charles Voelker in 1942. (MK)
Descriptors: College Students, English, Nouns, Speech Communication, Vocabulary, Word Frequency, Word Lists, Written Language
Mark L. Knapp, Business Manager, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53211.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Type Token Ratios