ERIC Number: ED026441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec-15
Reference Count: 0
Factors in School Integration Decisions of Negro Mothers. Final Report.
Most Southern public schools are still unintegrated despite the 1954 Supreme Court decision. This study sought to determine the causal factors related to the decision of those Negro mothers who did enroll their children in white schools. Samples were 207 Negro mothers with children in grades one through five who were enrolled in a North Carolina school district which had opted for a "free choice" plan. Interviewers were Negro women. The following factors were found to be significant for an increase in the probability of the mother's making a "favorable" decision: valuation of education, perception of educational facilities differential, educational expectations, (inversely) perception of Negro social approval, valuation of desegregation, knowledge of the environment, and powerlessness. Two models were tested, and a fused model constructed. The important causal variables found were: knowledge of the environment, powerlessness, valuation of desegregation, and valuation of education. Noted was a conflict between pride in blackness and a desire for good education (usually white controlled). Community controlled supplemental schools teaching black culture could lessen this conflict and school integration should be reciprocal. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.
Identifiers: North Carolina