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ERIC Number: ED026342
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Prompting, Practice and Feedback in Programmed Videotape.
Johnson, Rita B.
AREA Journal, v5 n1 p73-79 Jan 1968 (American Educational Research Assn., Washington, D.C.)
An experiment was designed to test the hypothesis that a program of prompting, practice, and feedback would improve the beginning teacher's ability to observe pupil performance in the classroom. Eighty-four teacher education students were randomly assigned to four 35-minute treatments: (I) viewing an instructional video tape of 21 brief teacher-pupil interaction scenes while following a programed booklet providing instructions, intermittent prompts, practice questions, and feedback, (II) viewing the same video tape and following a similar booklet asking for reactions but providing no prompts, practice, or feedback, (III) listening to a tape-recorded lecture on how to be skillful observers of pupil behavior, (IV) receiving no experimental treatment. All subjects viewed a new video tape and took a test similar in type to that used in the instructional program. Analysis of variance in test scores revealed significant differences (p .001) among the four groups, the mean of group I being greater (M=18.33) than the mean score in any of the others (p .05). Further, significant differences between Groups III and IV indicated that a recorded lecture of instruction is better than no treatment at all. Future experimentation is needed to test the effectiveness of specific variations in treatment and to examine transfer of training to natural classroom situations. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
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Sponsor: N/A
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