ERIC Number: ED025853
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Systems Approach to School Administration: Some Perceptions on the State of the Art in 1967.
Knezevich, S. J.
Concepts which are salient features of the systems approach do not appear to have permeated school administration beyond the threshold of awareness. Confusion among administrators as to the meaning and potential of the systems approach can be partly attributed to its overzealous adherents, semantic difficulties among experts, and its application to minor, pedestrian problems. Experts must agree on standard meanings for such terms as systems analysis, program budgeting, programming planning budgeting systems (PPBS), and cost effectiveness, which are alternatively used synonomously and to mean different things. Major policy issues that create the greatest administrative problems must be shown to be susceptible to the systems approach. The potential of this approach for educational administration will have to be publicized through special seminars, conferences, and workshops. Finally, to create readiness for the stimulate use of the systems approach, improvements in education that will be needed include (1) a clearer definition of educational objectives, (2) use of models for at least parts of school operations, (3) development of quantitative reasoning and analysis capabilities, (4) greater emphasis on generating alternative solutions to problems, (5) increases in school district staffs for planning and systems analysis, and (6) better dissemination of systems concepts and techniques. (TT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Planning Programming Budgeting System; PPBS
Note: Paper presented at the U.S. Office of Educ. Symposium on Operations Analysis of Educ. (Washington, D.C. November 19-22, 1967).