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ERIC Number: ED025838
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Decision Making in Action. Chapter 2, New Look at Education: Systems Analysis in our Schools and Colleges.
Pfeiffer, John
Developed during World War II, the systems approach evolved rapidly after the war into several new phases, one of which is program budgeting. There is no clear set of rules constructed along do-it-yourself lines associated with the systems approach. There are, however, general procedures which are to be followed. The first step, defining the problem, includes four distinct phases: Defining the system's objectives, obtaining measures of effectiveness, identifying constraints and uncontrollable variables, and identifying controllable variables. After defining the problem, the next three basic steps are to define the subfunctions, to define the alternatives for each subfunction, and to synthesize the subsystems. Next a model should be developed. Although a model is an abstraction, it is also a highly effective way of coping with reality, and its development calls for and guides data collection. The model must prove itself by predicting results reasonably well. However, in complex situations perfect prediction is rare and the whole system must continually be reexamined and changed as necessary. (HW)
The Odyssey Press, Inc., North Road, Poughkeepsie, New York 12601 ($1.00).
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