ERIC Number: ED025788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Delinquent and Nondelinquent Anglo-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and Mexican Nationals.
Megargee, Edwin I.; Rosenquist, Carl M.
Some 50 adjudicated male delinquents, aged 12-17, and 50 nondelinquent comparison subjects from the same lower class neighborhoods were selected from each of three cultural groups: (1) Mexican nationals, (2) Mexican-Americans, and (3) Anglo-Americans. Sociological and demographic data were collected. A standard psychological test battery, including measures of intelligence and objective and projective personality tests devised for this cross-cultural, cross-national study, was administered to each subject. Each boy was also examined by a doctor. The delinquents were found to be more antagonistic toward authorities and had a more negative world view. On the question of values, there were broad areas of agreement between delinquent and nondelinquent groups. Some differences were found in the area of achievement. Highly significant differences in diastolic blood pressure may indicate differentiating patterns of autonomic responsitivity to stress. Families of the delinquents were perceived to be less cohesive, more hostile and rejecting, and overly strict, with some deviant or antisocial values. The delinquents' lower achievement motivation may suggest a familial transmission of attitudes toward school. The finding that the same basic factors differentiate delinquents from nondelinquents in all three samples has important theoretical and practical implications. (IM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Speech presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, California, August 30 through September 3, 1968.