ERIC Number: ED025324
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Early Intellective Training and School Performance. Summary of NIH Grant Number HD-02253.
Palmer, Francis H.
A 7-year study is being conducted to determine if an 8-month intellective training program at ages two and three will improve a child's performance and if the effects will last through the first grade. The subjects consist of 240 Negro males from all social levels in Manhattan. Half of them are 2 years old and half are 3 years old. Subjects were assigned to an individual instructor in either a training group (where they were taught concepts) or a discovery group (where they had free play) for 2 hours a week. In addition, a control group of 70 children are being seen for assessment purposes only. All children were pretested and are measured annually. After 2 years of the program, the results indicated that up to age three social class is not a function of performance; from ages three to eight differences are present but insignificant; the experimental children perform better than the control children; the effect s of the program received at age two last at least 1 year; and both experimental groups produce equally well. The results imply that early training may be beneficial, provided it is systematic, is uninterrupted, and occurs at least 2 hours a week with a one-to-one teacher-pupil ratio. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Inst. for Child Development and Experimental Education.